German Grammar

(info and online exercises)

Gender of German nouns

The German word for "the" varies according to what type of noun it's referring to. Type of noun?!?! Nouns are either masculine, feminine or neuter. E.g. der Ball [the ball] is a masculine noun.

Example German nouns - their gender
masculine feminine neuter plural
der Ball die Katze das Auto die Katzen
der Bruder die Mutter das Baby die Babys

Whether a German noun is the masculine type of noun, or the feminine or the neuter, usually has not much to do with its meaning!

An online dictionary like LEO will tell you if a noun is der, die or das.

Get the der/die/das table open in a separate window [to help you] and then do this practice exercise on German noun gender.

Cases (Nominative, Accusative etc)

When we talk about how different parts of a sentence give the whole sentence a meaning, we can talk about the subject of the sentence (Nominative case) and the direct object (Accusative case).

The subject of the sentence is the thing or person doing the verb action (e.g. I, he in English).

The direct object of the sentence is the thing or person that the verb action is directly done to (e.g. me, him in English).

For example: "I visit my brother in QLD" / "My brother visits me in VIC"

Example sentences
subject
(Nominative)
verb direct object
(Accusative)
place info
Ich besuche meinen Bruder in Queensland
Mein Bruder besucht mich in Victoria

Get the der/die/das table open in a separate window [to help you] and then do this practice exercise on subject (Nominative) and object (Accusative).

Various Stuff

Pronouns:

the personal pronouns

Relative Pronouns:

Nominative & Accusative (#1)
Nominative & Accusative
(#2)
Wo ich früher wohnte... (Nominative & Accusative)

Question words:

Interrogatives (question words: pick right one to fill gap)

Adjectives:

How to compare things using adjectives in German

Genitive:

"Kaufen Sie dieses Haus!" - cloze reading text

Various:

Tricky Expressions in German

Compiled by D Nutting