(info and online exercises)
The German word for "the" varies according to what type of noun it's referring to. Type of noun?!?! Nouns are either masculine, feminine or neuter. E.g. der Ball [the ball] is a masculine noun.
|der Ball||die Katze||das Auto||die Katzen|
|der Bruder||die Mutter||das Baby||die Babys|
Whether a German noun is the masculine type of noun, or the feminine or the neuter, usually has not much to do with its meaning!
An online dictionary like LEO will tell you if a noun is der, die or das.
When we talk about how different parts of a sentence give the whole sentence a meaning, we can talk about the subject of the sentence (Nominative case) and the direct object (Accusative case).
The subject of the sentence is the thing or person doing the verb action (e.g. I, he in English).
The direct object of the sentence is the thing or person that the verb action is directly done to (e.g. me, him in English).
For example: "I visit my brother in QLD" / "My brother visits me in VIC"
|Ich||besuche||meinen Bruder||in Queensland|
|Mein Bruder||besucht||mich||in Victoria|
Interrogatives (question words: pick right one to fill gap)
"Kaufen Sie dieses Haus!" - cloze reading text
Compiled by D Nutting